Samarkand


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In terms of industry, metal processing spare parts for automobiles and combines , food processing , textiles , and ceramics industries are the most active in the area. The telecommunication infrastructure is also well developed.

Samarkand | SILK ROADS

Latinization of district names according to Samarqand regional web site on gov. Four cities and towns does not belong to any of the districts and have the status of cities of regional significance: Samarkand , Katta-Kurgan , Oqtosh , and Urgut.


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Places adjacent to Samarqand Region. Navoiy Region Jizzax Region. Samarqand Region. Capital: Samarkand. Regions of Uzbekistan. Authority control MusicBrainz : 6af3feecf1-afd2beec. Categories : Samarqand Region Regions of Uzbekistan. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Coordinates on Wikidata Articles containing Uzbek-language text Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers.

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A wall followed the whole circuit of the plateau 5. The massive wall, 7-m thick, was made of coarse mud bricks, all of which bear a mark, an indication that labour was strictly organized in groups of workers. Similar building techniques have been noticed at other Sogdian and pre-Sogdian sites during that pre-Achaemenid period.

The city was conquered by Alexander the Great in BC. It was named Maracanda by the Greeks. Two phases of Greek occupation can be distinguished, the first lasting from Alexander to the second half of the 3rd century BC and a second period of reconquest under the Greco- Bactrian king Eucratides BC. The pottery differs markedly between these two phases. The pre-Islamic Sogdian civilization is best documented from excavations at Panjikent , which was the capital at that time; the town is near Samarkand but now across a border in Tajikistan.

At Samarqand, the major source of evidence for this period is the aristocratic residence with the famous wall paintings which were commissioned for a reception hall ca. In the early 8th century AD, Samarkand was conquered by the Arabs and soon became an important center of Muslim culture.

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Excavations beneath the mosque show a rapid succession of monumental buildings. A massive enclosure, perhaps the temenos of the pre-Islamic temple mentioned in the sources, was razed some time after the Arab conquest of The site was occupied by a large palace ca x 84 m , which was according to numismatic evidence built in the s by the last Umayyad governor Nasar b. Between and the Friday mosque was first built on a square plan, which probably at the beginning of the Samanid period, ca.

It subsequently grew as a trade center on the Silk Road , the great trading route between China and the Mediterranean region. In Samarkand was almost completely destroyed by the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan. It flourished again when Timur-i-Leng known as Tamerlane in the West made it the capital of his empire in As his capital Timur put Samarkand on the world map and much of the architecture visible today was built by him or his descendants.

The empire declined in the 15th century, and nomadic Uzbeks Shaybanids took Samarkand in In the emirate of Bukhara conquered it.

The city was taken by Russia in and once again began to assume importance. The A taxi from the city centre is about 5, som. Train tickets for all routes in Uzbekistan can be also bought at the brand new Trains get very crowded so it is advisable to book a few days ahead. There are a few daily trains to and from Tashkent.

Samarkand – Crossroad of Cultures

Besides the slow local trains there is the super fast Afrosiob and the still fast Sharq train that continues to Bukhara. For Khiva take the night trains to Urgench and hop on a marshrutka or shared taxi. For departure times see the Uzbekistan Get around section. The most popular international route is from Saint Petersburg 93 hr via Volgograd 57 hr departing every Friday at arriving five nights later at This train bypasses Moscow , nearest stop is in the town of Ozherelye.

There is also a weekly connection from Alma-Ata departing every Sunday at arriving two nights later.

Samarkand is about 4 hours by road from Tashkent ; shared taxis leave from Sobir Rahimov bus station. Yellow taxis can be taken all over. Some will try to overcharge as much as 10, , some won't. Don't bother trying for cheaper than 4, but it's quite easy to haggle it down from any higher than that.

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